Question by Nancy L: How does the concept of interference help to explain the Stroop effect?
helpp! doing a project on the stroop effect. any extra info plse answer this question!
Answer by michele
When required to utter a verbal response to written stimuli, for readers, the automatic response is to read the written word. This is why the Stroop task is much simpler for children (who have not yet attached meaning to strings of letters). It is in this way that the skill of reading (attaching meaning to strings of letters) interferes with the identification of color.
This is also why there is no Stroop effect when participants are required to identify the color of a word written in a language with which they are unfamiliar (e.g., an English speaker/reader would easily identify the color of words written in japanese).
For readers to perform well on a Stroop task. they must essentially “bypass” or repress a response which has become automatic (i.e.,reading), hence the time delay. In other words, reading interferes with color identification.
Best of luck on your paper,
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